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Ganesh Chaturti (गणेश चतुर्थी)

ganesh-chaturthi-2

Ganesha Chaturthi , also known as Vinayaka Chaturthi , Vinayaka Chaviti (Devanagari: गणेश चतुर्थी, Kannada: ಗನೆಶ ಚತುರ್ಥೀ, Telugu: వినాయక చవితి), is the birthday of Lord Ganesha, the god of wisdom, prosperity , good fortune and the one who removes obstrucles in life.

  • Ganesh Chaturthi is one of the important Hindu festivals celebrated throughout India with a great devotion.
  • This day is celebrated as the birthday of Lord Ganesh, the elephant-headed son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. Lord Ganesh is the symbol of wisdom, wealth, health, celibacy, fertility and happiness.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi is celebrated on Shukla Chaturthi of the Hindu month of Bhadra (generally falls between August and September).
  • The duration of this festival varies from 1 day to 11 days, depending on the place and tradition. A 10 day festival, it is celebrated in the month of “Bhaadrapada” on the Hindu calendar. The festival starts on the 4th day of the waxing moon, Shukla Chaturthi, and ends on Ananta Chaturdashi.
  • Ganesh Chaturthi, marking his birthday, is celebrated in his honour, people bring idols of Lord Ganesh to their homes and do worship. On the last day of the festival the idols are taken out in a colorful and musical procession, chiefly in the states of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.
  • In Mumbai alone, thousands of Ganesh idols are commissioned collectively by social, cultural and commercial organisations. Hussain Sagar in Hyderabad and Chowpatty beach in Mumbai are principal places where the idols are immersed at the end of the festival.
  • This festival was started originally in Maharashtra by Chhatrapati Shivaji to promote culture and nationalism, the festival had to be revived by Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak during the struggle for freedom from the British.
  • The celebrations were used to spread the message of freedom struggle and to defy the British who had banned public assemblies. The festival gave Indians a feeling of unity and revived their patriotic spirit and faith.
  • The worshipping of Ganesha is not limited to India alone. It is evident from the archaeological evidences available in Afghanistan that the Vinayaka worship is prevalent even before fourth century BC. Ganesh is worshipped with the names of “Mahapini” in Burma, “Dhotkar” in Mongolia, “Tokprat; in Tibet, “PraGanesh” in Cambodia, “Kwansijjuk” in China and “Vinayak-sha” in Japan.
  • Ashtavinayakas the eight Swayambhu Ganesh temples, all in Maharashtra
  1. Shree Mayureshwar/ Moreshwar
  2. Shree Chintamani
  3. Shree MahaGanesh
  4. Shree Siddhivinayak
  5. Shree Vighneshwar
  6. Shree Girijatmaka
  7. Shree Ballaleshwar
  8. Shree Varad Vinayak

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