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Mango (आम)

alphonso-mangoes-devgarh
Quick Facts
  1. The English word “mango” (plural “mangoes” or “mangos”) originated from the Tamil word māṅgai or mankay or Malayalam māṅṅa from the Dravidian root word for the same via Portuguese (also manga).
  2. The word’s first recorded attestation in a European language was a text by Ludovico di Varthema in Italian in 1510, as manga; the first recorded occurrences in languages such as French and post-classical Latin appear to be translations from this Italian text.
  3. National fruit of India, Pakistan and the Philippines.

Scientific classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Angiospermae
  • (unranked): Rosids
  • Order: Sapindales
  • Family: Anacardiaceae
  • Genus: Mangifera
  • Species: M. indica

Binomial Name: Mangifera indica

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)

  • Energy : 250 kJ (60 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates : 15 g
  • Sugars : 13.7
  • Dietary fiber : 1.6 g
  • Fat : 0.38 g
  • Protein : 0.82 g
  • Vitamin A equiv. 54 μg (7%):
  • beta-carotene 640 μg (6%) : lutein and zeaxanthin 23 μg
  • Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.028 mg (2%)
  • Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.038 mg (3%)
  • Niacin (vit. B3) 0.669 mg (4%)
  • Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.197 mg (4%)
  • Vitamin B6 0.119 mg (9%)
  • Folate (vit. B9) 43 μg (11%)
  • Choline 7.6 mg (2%)
  • Vitamin C 36.4 mg (44%)
  • Vitamin E 0.9 mg (6%)
  • Vitamin K 4.2 μg (4%)
  • Calcium 11 mg (1%)
  • Iron 0.16 mg (1%)
  • Magnesium 10 mg (3%)
  • Manganese 0.063 mg (3%)
  • Phosphorus 14 mg (2%)
  • Potassium 168 mg (4%)
  • Sodium 1 mg (0%)
  • Zinc 0.09 mg (1%)

Source(s): USDA Nutrient Database ; wikipedia

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