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Qutub Minar ( Hindi: कुतुब मीनार |Telugu: కుతుబ్ మీనార్|Bengali: কুতুব মিনার|Urdu: قطب مینار )

Qutub Minar_desibantu

Qutub Minar, is one of the attractions amongst the historical monuments of India. It is situated in the Qutub complex at Mehrauli in South Delhi, it is one of the finest examples of Indo Islamic architecture.

Quick Facts
  • The building process of Qutub Minar took a long time (about 75 years). It was started by Qutub-ud-din Aibak in 1199 and finished by Iltutmish. The minar was damaged and repaired many times in past.
  • This ancient Islamic Monument has about 379 stairs and is 237 ft tall. It has a diameter of 14.3 meters at bottom which decreases to 2.4 meters at the top. It is made of Red sandstone and has Arabic inscriptions on it.
  • There are many stories about the naming of this tower. Some says that it was named after the first Turkish sultan Qutub-ud-din Aibak and some believes that it was named to honor Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, a sufi saint.
  • Many other ancient structures are there surrounding the Qutub Minar- Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, Iron Pillar. These monuments are collectively called Qutub complex.
  • After an accident in 1981 (in which about 45 people were killed) climbing in tower was banned by government of India.
  • Qutub Minar is the tallest brick minaret in the world.
  • The Qutub Minar and its adjoining monuments are all listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The purpose behind the construction of Minar was for the use of mu’azzin (crier) to give calls for prayer.
  • The first storey was completed during the reign of Aibak.
  • The next three stories were added by Shamsu’d-Din Iltutmish, the son – in – law of Qutubu’d – Din Aibak.
  • The fifth and the last storey were constructed by Firuz Shah Tughlaq.
  • All the stories are surrounded by protruding balconies, encircling the tower.
  • The Minar contains numerous inscriptions in Arabic and Nagari characters, which narrate its history.
  • During the rule of Firoz Shah Tughlaq, the minar’s two top floors were damaged due to lightning but were repaired by Firoz Shah.
  • In 1505, Minar was damaged by an earthquake and was repaired by Sikandar Lodi.
  • The Minar was also repaired and restored by Major. R. Smith in 1829.
  • According to the Archeological Survey of India, the site at which Qutub Minar is located was once occupied by 27 Hindu and Jain temples.
  • Qutub Minar is made up of red and buff sandstone, containing intricate carvings and verses from the Holy Quran.
  • This masterpiece of Mughal architecture is not exactly erect and is slightly tilted towards one side. This is due to the many additions and renovations that were made on the tower over the years.
  • The structure of Qutub Minar is built in such a way that, the tower is widest at the bottom and narrows all the way to the top.
  • The construction of the monument was made from the sculptured stones of several Hindu temples. This is evident from the Devanagari engravings on the many stone surfaces of the monument.
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