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Taj Mahal

Taj Mahal4
  • The Taj Mahal is a famous mausoleum located in Agra, India.
  •   Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor ShahJahan in the loving memory of his Beautiful wife Mumtaj.
  •  The name Taj Mahal means “crown of palaces”. The Taj Mahal is one of the wonders of the world and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  •  Construction of the Taj Mahal took around 20 years, beginning around 1632 and finishing around 1653 with an expenditure of approximately 32 million rupees (approx US $68000).
  •  It is estimated to have taken more than 22,000 people to build this impressive building including labourers, painters, stonecutters, embroidery artists, and many others. Around 1000 Elephants were employed for the transportation of construction material.
  •  The Taj Mahal is made of white marble. 28 different varieties of stones brought from different parts of Asia were inlaid into the white marbles used to construct the magnificent architecture of Taj Mahal. They brought marbles from Rajasthan, blue stones from Tibet, emerald from Sri Lanka, jasper from Punjab, and the crystals from China.
  •  Four different architectural styles were used in Taj Mahal. It’s the amalgamation of Persian architecture, Turk architecture, Indian architecture and Islamic architecture styles which shows that the architecture of Taj Mahal was globally inspired.
  •  One of the Taj Mahal’s most recognizable features is a large white dome that is often called an ‘onion dome’ due to its shape. It has a height of around 35 metres (115 feet) and is surrounded by 4 smaller domes.
  •  The large white dome in the center is approximately 115 feet tall.
  •  The full height of the Taj Mahal is 171 metres (561 feet).
  •  The four pillars around the main dome were built to slant away from the dome slightly. This was done to help protect the tomb if the pillars ever collapsed.
  •  The four sides of the Taj Mahal are perfectly identical creating an astonishingly mirrored image on each side. It uses the principles of self-replicating geometry and symmetry of architectural elements.
  •  The main dome of the Taj Mahal has Quran verses carved on it. 99 names of Allah are also carved on either sides of the grave of Mumtaz. The verses have been engraved so that they look equal in size when observed from below. The verses on the top are of bigger size though.
  •  The Taj Mahal complex includes a large garden, a reflecting pool, a mosque and other mausoleums.
  •  The Taj Mahal takes on different colouring at different times of the day, from a pinkish hue in the morning, milky white in the evening and golden at night when lit by the moon. They say the changing colour resembles the changing mood of females – in particular the Emperor’s queen.
  •  By the late 19th century, the Taj Mahal had been defaced by the British soldiers who chiseled out precious stones from the walls of the monument. At the end of the 19th century, British Viceroy, Lord Curzon, ordered a restoration of the monument and also gifted a large lamp which hangs in the interior chambers of the Taj Mahal.
  •  The Taj Mahal attracts from 7 to 8 million visitors annually, with more than 0.8 million from overseas. Most tourists visit in the months of October, November and February.
  •  Taj is opened all days of the week except for Fridays, when it is opened in the afternoon only for those who have to attend prayers at the Taj Mosque. The timings are from sunrise to sunset.
  • Night viewing at the Taj Mahal, from 8:30 PM to 12:30 AM, is allowed only on five nights in a month: one, on the full moon night, two days before it and two days after it, except for Fridays.

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