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Apple (Hindi: सेब | Telugu: కాశ్మీర ఫలము / సీమ రేగు | Tamil: ஆப்பிள் பழம்)

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Quick Facts
  • The apple tree originated in Central Asia.
  • The scientific name of apple is Aplicus Rosacea.
  • Apples come from the Rose family, Rosacea, that’s why they have a rosy aroma!
  • It is believed that the saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” originated in Wales in the 19th century.
  • There are over 8000 varieties of apples grown around the world.
  • 2500 varieties of apples are grown in the United States. To name some varieties of apples including Fuji, Gala, Red Delicious, Golden Delicious, Pink Lady and Granny Smith.
  • The McIntosh apple is the national apple of Canada.
  • Granny Smith apples originated in Australia in 1868 accidentally after a chance seedling by a woman named Maria Ann Smith.
  • The science of apple cultivation is known as Pomology.
  • The fear of apples is known as Malusdomesticaphobia.
  • Apple trees take four to five years to produce their first fruit.
  • Honey bees are commonly used to pollinate apple trees.
  • The flowers of the apple tree are called apple blossoms.
  • Apple trees typically blossom in spring with fruit maturing in autumn.
  • To produce one apple, it takes energy from 50 leaves.
  • Apples develop from the receptacle of the flower.
  • Apples are still picked by hand during autumn.
  • The largest apple ever picked weighed 3pounds 2 ounces.
  • Apple trees have a life of over 100 years.
  • Apples harvested from an average tree can fill 20 boxes that weigh 42 pounds each.
  • It takes about 36 apples to create one gallon of apple cider.
  • A peck of apples weighs 10.5 pounds. A bushel of apples weighs about 42 pounds.
  • The average person eats 65 apples a year.
  • Apples ripen six to 10 times faster at room temperature than if they are refrigerated.
  • Apple seeds contain a cyanide compound. Our body can handle small doses of this naturally occurring poison so you’d have to eat a huge number of seeds for it to have an effect, and even then the seeds are covered in a protective coating which keeps the cyanide compound safe inside.
  • A medium apple has about 80 calories.
  • Apples contain no fat, sodium or cholesterol and are a good source of fiber.
  • While not high in calcium, their boron content helps strengthen bones, improve memory, mental alertness, and electrical activity of the brain.
  • Apples have the ability to boost estrogen levels in menopausal women to a great extent.
  • The soluble fiber found in apples is called pectin and can help lower cholesterol levels.
  • Eating an apple before bed can help cleanse your teeth and is said to be able to whiten your teeth.
  • Apple skin contains most of the anti-oxidants, including Quercetin.
  • A nifty trick to prevent fresh apple juice from turning brown is to add a few squeezes of lemon juice or lime juice. This helps prevent oxidation.
  • 25% of an apple’s volume is air; that is why they can float in water.
  • Apples are said to have originated from a region between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea
  • Apples were taken to North America by European settlers.
  • Archeologists have found evidence that humans have been enjoying apples since 6500 BC.
  • The top apple producers around the world are China, United States, Turkey, Poland and Italy. Apples account for 50 percent of international deciduous fruit tree production.
  • The largest importers of apples are Russia, Germany and the UK.
  • New York City is nicknamed “the Big Apple.”
  • Apples were designated as the official state fruit for Washington in 1989.
  • During the colonization of Native Americans by Europeans, apples were called winter banana or melt-in-the-mouth.
  • The apple genome was decoded in 2010.

Scientific Classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Division: Magnoliophyta
  • Class: Magnoliopsida
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Subfamily: Maloideae
  • Genus: Malus
  • Species: M. domestica
  

Nutritional values per 100 g (3.5 oz)

  •  Energy 218 kJ (52 kcal)
  • Carbohydrates 13.81 g
  • Sugars 10.39
  • Dietary fiber 2.4 g
  • Fat 0.17 g
  • Protein 0.26 g
  • Vitamin A equiv. 3 μg (0%)
  • beta-carotene 27 μg (0%)
  • lutein zeaxanthin 29 μg
  • Thiamine (B1) 0.017 mg (1%)
  • Riboflavin (B2) 0.026 mg (2%)
  • Niacin (B3) 0.091 mg (1%)
  • Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.061 mg (1%)
  • Vitamin B6 0.041 mg (3%)
  • Folate (B9) 3 μg (1%)
  • Vitamin C 4.6 mg (6%)
  • Vitamin E 0.18 mg (1%)
  • Vitamin K 2.2 μg (2%)
  • Calcium 6 mg (1%)
  • Iron 0.12 mg (1%)
  • Magnesium 5 mg (1%)
  • Manganese 0.035 mg (2%)
  • Phosphorus 11 mg (2%)
  • Potassium 107 mg (2%)
  • Sodium 1 mg (0%)
  • Zinc 0.04 mg (0%)
  • Water 85.56 g
  • Fluoride 3.3 µg

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