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Golkonda Fort ( Hindi : गोलकुंडा किला| Telugu : | గోల్కొండ కోట | Urdu: گولکنڈا قلعہ)


Golkonda Fort, is a ruined city within itself is located in Telangana State, the west of the capital city of Hyderabad. Initially the Golkonda Fort was built by Kakatiyas , which later became the capital and citadel of the Qutb Shahi Kingdom, the fort counts amongst the most popular historical monuments of India, today. Apart from being home to one of the most powerful Muslim sultanates in the region, Golkonda Fort also served as the center of a flourishing diamond trade.

Quick Facts
  • Golkonda Fort dates back to 1143, when it was built by a ruler of Hindu Kakatiya dynasty, which ruled the area at that time.
  • As per a legend, the fort was built by the ruler of Kakatiya dynasty after a shepherd boy came across the idol of a God on the site.
  • The architecture of the fort comes across as confluence of Hindu and Muslim architectural styles.
  • The name ‘Golkonda’ is believed to have been derived from a Telugu word ‘Golla Konda’, which means ‘Shepherd’s Hill’.
  • The granite hill on which the fort has been built is 120 meters (400 ft) high and stands surrounded by massive crenelated ramparts.
  • Initially a mud fort, Golkonda Fort rose to prominence only around 1507, as the seat of Qutb Shahi dynasty, after the collapse of Bahmani Sultanat.
  • Under Qutb Shahi dynasty, the mud fort was expanded. The expansion took over a period of 62 years, under the first three Qutb Shahi kings. It was turned into a granite fort, extending around 5 km in circumference.
  • Golkonda Fort remained the capital of the Qutb Shahi dynasty until 1590, when the capital was shifted to Hyderabad.
  • There are a number of royal apartments and halls, temples, mosques, magazines and stables inside Golconda Fort.
  • It is believed that there is a secret underground tunnel in Golkonda Fort, which leads from the ‘Durbar Hall’ to one of the palaces at the foot of the hill.
  • The fort fell into ruins after a siege, and its resultant fall, to Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb.
  • Darya-e Nur, Nur-Ul-Ain Diamond, Kohinoor, Hope Diamond and Regent Diamond are believed to have been excavated in the mines of Golkonda.
  • Golkonda Fort comprises of four distinct forts, with a 10 km long outer wall that has 87 semicircular bastions, eight gateways and four drawbridges.
  • Some of the semicircular bastions of the fort are still mounted with cannons,
  • There is a Fateh Darwaza” (Victory gate) inside the fort, studded with giant iron spikes. It was so called after Aurangzeb’s victory.
  • Bala Hissar Gate, located on the eastern side, serves as the main entrance to Golkonda Fort.
  • The fort also has a mosque Toli Masjid, situated at Karvan, around 2 km away. It was built by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar, in 1671.
  • At a distance of approximately 1 km from Golkonda Fort’s outer wall are the tombs of the Qutb Shahi sultans.

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One Response to Golkonda Fort ( Hindi : गोलकुंडा किला| Telugu : | గోల్కొండ కోట | Urdu: گولکنڈا قلعہ)

  1. Vikas May 23, 2015 at 1:10 am #

    Very Nice Place

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