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Indian Banyan tree

Quick Facts

Indian Banyan tree (Binomial name: Ficus benghalensis), is a large and extensive growing tree of the Indian subcontinent. Banyan tree produces propagating roots which grow downwards as aerial roots (Aerial roots are short roots above the ground). Once these roots reach the ground, they grow into woody trunks that can become indistinguishable from the main trunk.

    1. The name was originally given to F. benghalensis and comes from India where early travelers observed that the shade of the tree was frequented by banias or Indian traders
    2. The banyan tree is the national Tree of India.
    3. In Hinduism, the leaf of the banyan tree is said to be the resting place for the god Krishna.
    4. Buddha is believed to have achieved enlightenment in Bodhgaya in India while meditating under a banyan tree of the species Sacred Fig. The tree is known as Bodhi Tree
    5. One of the largest trees, named the Great Banyan, is found in Kolkata in India. It is said to be more than 250 years old.
    6. Pilla Marri is an 800-year-old banyan tree located in Mahabubnagar, Andhra Pradesh, India
    7. Malgudi Days: Under the Banyan Tree and Other Stories is a collection of short stories by R. K. Narayan, set in and around the fictitious town of Malgudi in South India.
    8. The City of Vadodara & Valsad in western India are named after the banyan tree.
    9. Ta Prohm in the Angkor Wat temple complex of Cambodia is well known for the giant banyans that grow up, around and through its walls.
    10. Several banyans can be found near downtown Hilo, Hawaii. Some of them were planted by celebrities throughout the 20th century and form Banyan Drive.
    11. The banyan tree is used as an example of interdependence by Mark Moody-Stuart of Royal Dutch Shell in The Corporation when he says that “even someone living under a banyan tree is dependent upon support from someone and economic lack has to be addressed by everyone.”

Other names in few South Asian Languages:

  • Sanskrit: Vat Vriksha (वट वृक्ष)
  • Hindi: Vatavriksh, Bargad (वटवृक्ष, बरगद)
  • Bengali: Bat gaach (ব্যাট গাছ)
  • Telugu: Marrichettu (మర్రి చెట్టు)
  • Kannada: alada mara (ಆಲದ ಮರ)
  • Tamil: Alamaram (ஆலமரம்)
  • Marati: Vada, wad, war (वाद, वाद, वर)
  • Gujarati: Vad, vadlo, vor (વાળ, વડલો, વોર)
  • Malayalam: Alo, vatan (അതോ, വാടാൻ)
  • Punjabi: ਬੋਹੜ
  • Urdu: Bar (برگد )
  • Oriya: Bara Gacha (ବାର ଗଛ)
Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • (unranked): Angiosperms
  • (unranked): Eudicots
  • (unranked): Rosids
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Moraceae
  • Genus: Ficus
  • Species: Ficus benghalensis

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2 Responses to Indian Banyan tree

  1. s.c.agrawal September 24, 2014 at 5:41 am #

    There is vatvraksha at ShukkarTal near Muzaffarnagar U.P. This is very old, nearly 5000 yrs old. Ànother is at NemisharN.

  2. s.c.agrawal September 24, 2014 at 5:43 am #

    Vatvriksha in Nemisharan and Shukartal are more than 5000 yrs old

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