- Ocimum tenuiflorum (also Tulsi, Tulasi) is an aromatic plant in the family Lamiaceae which is native throughout the Old World tropics and widespread as a cultivated plant and an escaped weed.
- It is widely known across South Asia as a medicinal plant and an herbal tea, commonly used in Ayurveda, and has an important role within the Vaishnavite tradition of Hinduism, in which devotees perform worship involving Tulsi plants or leaves.
- It attains the height of about 75 – 90 cm.
- It has round oval shaped leaves which are up to 5 cm long.
- Its seeds are flat. Its flowers are purple – creamish in colour.
- The two main variants of Tulsi; Rama Tulsi (green leaves), Krishna Tulsi (dark green or purple leaves) and Vana Tulsi. Each of the variants has its own distinctive taste.
- Tulsi has been used in India for around 5000 years.
- Tulsi has been used for thousands of years in Ayurveda for its diverse healing properties.
- It is mentioned by Charaka in the Charaka Samhita, an ancient Ayurvedic text.
- Marked by its strong aroma and astringent taste, it is regarded in Ayurveda as a kind of “elixir of life” and believed to promote longevity.
- Tulsi is considered to be an adaptogen, balancing different processes in the body, and helpful for adapting to stress.
- Tulsi’s extracts are used in ayurvedic remedies for common colds, headaches, stomach disorders, inflammation, heart disease, various forms of poisoning, and malaria.
- Tulsi contains hundreds of beneficial compounds and possess strong antioxidant, anti-bacterial, anti-viral, adaptogenic and immune enhancing properties.
- Tulsi also aids in the purification of atmosphere.
- In case of renal stones, the consumption of juice of basil leaves mixed with honey helps remove these stones through the urinary tract.
- Basil is very beneficial in combating cardiac disease and the weakness resulting from it. It reduces blood cholesterol levels.
- The anti-inflammatory property of Tulsi reduces the swelling on joints and bones.
- Tulsi helps in regeneration of the tissues of the body. Thus it helps in keeping the energy level of the body high.
- The eye disorders like night blindness or sore eyes can also be cured using this herb. The juice of basil leaves can be used as eye drop for quicker results.
- It reduces the blood sugar levels by causing a sudden or drastic drop.
- Tulsi is anti-carcinogenic in nature and helps to treat some forms of cancer including breast cancer.
- Rubbing finely powdered dry Tulsi on the face like a loose powder adds glow to the face glow and removes dark spots from the face.
- Tulasi plant serves as a fabulous repellant in fighting against flies, mosquitoes and insects.
Kingdom : Plantae
Species: O. tenuiflorum
Scientific Name: Ocimum Sanctum